23 January 2009

Where the Temple Treasure/Library of Alexandria went

In 70 BCE the Romans looted the temple at Jerusalem and took its treasures to Rome. After the sack of Rome in 455 CE, the Vandals took the treasure to Carthage.

"The emperor Justinian I (527–565) was known for his successes in war, for his legal reforms and for his public works. It was from Constantinople that his expedition for the reconquest of the former Diocese of Africa set sail on or about 21 June 533. Before their departure the ship of the commander Belisarius anchored in front of the Imperial palace, and the Patriarch offered prayers for the success of the enterprise. After the victory, in 534, the Temple treasure of Jerusalem, looted by the Romans in 70 AD and taken to Carthage by the Vandals after their sack of Rome in 455, was brought to Constantinople and deposited for a time, perhaps in the church of St Polyeuctus, before being returned to Jerusalem in either the Church of the Resurrection or the New Church." (Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constantinople)

I'm suggesting that the Library of Alexandria was moved from Alexandria to Carthage in ~48 BCE and was secreted there until it was joined by the temple treasures in 455. When Justinian I brought the Temple treasure of Jerusalem to Constantinople in 534, the treasures of the Library of Alexandria came with it. I'm missing a date for the return to Jerusalem of the treasures, but I'm assuming that at that time, the library scrolls were separated from the scrolls of the temple and made there way past Jerusalem to Kurdistan (a section of Turkey and Iraq, etc. that is highly disputed), or it went to Armenia. It was hidden in a desert cave somewhere between approximately Lake Van and the Caspian Sea. I'll get more specific as I do more research.

Or... the Temple treasures were returned to Jerusalem, but the Library remained in Constantinople until 1453, when the Turks invaded and took over the city. They demolished the Church of the Holy Apostles to make way for the tomb of Mehmet II the Conqueror. In this time, exactly when Gutenberg was supposed to be finishing the printing of The Bible in Mainz and then sued by Fust for channeling money to a different enterprise, the Turks uncovered the Library and sent the volumes to the East. Gutenberg saw them when they were being shipped and recorded the location in eastern Turkey as their resting point in his "other book." This is what he was working on in 1455 and following. It was for this service that Archbishop Adolf rewarded Gutenberg. (Maybe????)